A good deal of time had passed since the country of the Soviet Union shined on the map of the world. And though it has been a lot of water under the bridge, some people keep finding photos of old Russia, and if to be more exact, photos of old Moscow and its region. One never knows when he would find a pack of the old photos, whether it would be a dump or even his own apartments. Such masterpieces of anonymous photographers illuminate us about how it was in the old times and so we can compare it with what we have nowadays and make some conclusions for ourselves.
Every one of you surely knows that the times they are a-changing. And it is truly enough as we can conclude from these photos. Two places and therefore two different sides of society are depictured on these shots. Town and country, the very center of Moscow and the main landmark of a little town in the Moscow region, Sergiyev Posad.
Since the beginning of time Moscow’s train stations always were very crowded and awfully dirty, they were always like a loadstone for down-and-out people. But on these shots the stations do not really look like they are dirty and it seems you can’t find even a speck of dust on them. And there are so little cars that even a single traffic jam cannot be spotted.
Now to the city of Sergiyev Posad with its renowned showplace which is called The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius and is the one of the most prominent monasteries in the whole Russia. Something about 60 years ago (yeah, that is when these shots were made) it looked not so good. Its shape was really bad and shabby so any inhabitant of the city where such a landmark located would be ashamed of it for sure. But now it is totally renovated and most probably looks like it looked when it was made, in 1345 AD.
Sleep apnea is a breathing disorder characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep. These short stops in breathing usually lasts for 10 to 30 seconds and can happen up to 400 times every night. Men, people who are overweight or over the age of 40 are more likely to have sleep apnea, but it can affect anyone at any age, even children. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a common type of apnea in children, is caused by an obstruction of the airway, such as enlarged tonsils and adenoids. This is most likely to happen during sleep because that’s when the soft tissue at the back of throat is most relaxed. Children who have OSA nearly always snore, may have difficulty breathing during sleep, and may be restless during sleep and wake up often. Symptoms of OSA tend to appear in the first few years of life, but the disorder often remains undiagnosed until many years later.
Once a doctor completes an evaluation and makes a diagnosis, most cases of OSA can be treated or managed with surgery, medications and monitoring devices. Generally, a polysomnagram or overnight sleep study is used to confirm obstructive sleep apnea. It charts the child’s brain waves, heartbeat, and breathing during sleep. It also records arm and leg movements. The study requires the child and a parent or guardian to spend the night at the sleep center. In some cases other tests, including endoscopy and magnetic resonance imaging, may be used to evaluate the child’s upper airway. But a recent discovery may lead to a much simpler way to detect whether a children has OSA—a simple urine test.